The German translation association BDÜ is holding the 7th edition of its conference on the subject of language and law, entitled: “Comparative Law in Practice” from 16 to 17 September 2022. The conference is aimed at interpreters and translators who work with law and legal language, and other professionals such as lawyers, judges, notaries… Continue reading
The Paul-André Crépeau Centre of Private and Comparative Law at McGill University in Montreal makes available its Private Law Dictionaries and Bilingual Lexicons.
The website gives access, in their French and English versions, to the following dictionaries: the Private Law Dictionary, 2nd edition (1991), the Private Law Dicitonary – Obligations (2003), the Dictionary of Private Law – Property (2012), the Private Law Dictionary – Family, 2nd ed. (2016). The Private Law Dictionary-Successions is in progress, and will gradually be added to the database. Continue reading
Today it is a pleasure to inform you of the recent publication of a comparative study of notarial deeds issued in the French and Spanish legal systems “Manual de traducción jurada de documentos notariales en materia de sucesiones entre los sistemas jurídicos francés y español“.
It is intended for legal and certified translators, lecturers and researchers in the field of Legal Translation Studies, and for comparatists and notaries public wishing to consolidate their thematic competence on civil law and, specifically, on French and Spanish notarial and inheritance law. Continue reading
Readers may be interested in a recently published book entitled Comparative Law for Spanish-English Lawyers: Legal Cultures, Legal Terms and Legal Practices / Derecho comparado para abogados anglo- e hispanoparlantes: Culturas jurídicas, términos jurídicos y prácticas jurídicas. Continue reading
I’m sure that many of you will be interested in a book published in 2014 by Edward Elgar Publishing entitled “Contract Law: A Comparative Introduction“. The author is the estimable Jan M. Smits, Professor of European Private Law, Faculty of Law, Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
“This book offers a unique introduction to contract law by means of a comparative approach. It treats contract law as a discipline that can be studied on the basis of common principles and methods without being tied to a particular jurisdiction or legal culture.”
The website also includes some short interviews with the highly respected figures participating in the symposium: Érik Orsenna, Mireille Delmas-Marty, Dominic Grieve & Horatia Muir Watt.
A research project originating in Ireland even carried out a terminological study on one particular cheese – Cheddar.
But, I hear you cry, what on earth is the connection with comparative law? Well, dear readers, for the answer… read on!
A few weeks ago, I was invited by Jonathan Goldberg of the blog Le mot juste en anglais to review a paper, Les conceptions juridiques du harcèlement sexuel en France et aux USA – Avant et après l’affaire DSK¹, comparing the way in which the law sees sexual harassment in the United States and in France. I am thus in the slightly odd position of reviewing a paper originally written in English, but finalized in its French version, where my review itself is to be written in both English and French! Anyway, back to the point.
One of the opening statements in Abigail Saguy’s article is the affirmation that the Dominique Strauss-Kahn (DSK) scandal could only have erupted in the USA². She then analyses the laws, legislative debate and case law over a period from the 1960s (in the US and rather later in France) to the present, in support of her argument that the scandal has also changed the “political and legal landscape” and “might influence the way in which France deals with sexual harassment cases in the future”.
Following two previous posts in late August (part 1 & part 2), today I would like to end my report on the Canterbury conference “Comparative Law: Engaging Translation” with a summary of Professor Gémar’s keynote talk.
Prof. Jean-Claude Gémar, Universities of Montreal & Geneva
Law’s labours: Lost or gained in translation? Language, law and translation.
The highly eminent Professor Gémar treated* us to “21 ways to look at translation” (both general and legal). It was a whistle-stop tour of more or less every important issue for translators and translation. These are the main points only – the full paper will be published in the conference proceedings.
- Translating: from Babel to Babel** – ancient and modern
- What translation is (and is not all about) – source and target; facilitating communication
- Translation: ways and means – methods and strategies
- Translation and equivalence
- Translation: an art, a craft or a “science”?
- Language and translation: general vs technical
- Law and translation: a natural or forced partnership?
- The specificity of legal texts
- Translating legal texts, translation problems
- The translator is a sorcerer’s apprentice
- Translation’s semper fi, but the translator is always confronted with novel textual conditions
- Translation is governed by cultures
- Linguistic vs legal equivalence
- Translation is not a matter of words
- The length of the translated text
- Sense-giving and sense-reading
- It is always possible to say the same thing… differently
- French and English: two (linguistic) solitudes
- The good, the bad, and… the worse
- The quest for the grail: in search of the best translation method
- The translator: interpres ut orator?
Professor Gémar concluded with some enlightening statements and citations: “to translate is to seek truth without the expectation of resolution”. “Language signs [are…] far more mysterious than atoms and stars”. “A translation, particularly a legal one, is but an approximation, if not a compromise”. “This quest for equivalence is […] for the translator, a herculean effort and task”. “How can we translate into French or Spanish (or whatever language) Mary Poppins’ supercalifragilisticexpialidocious? We shouldn’t even try!”
*and it was a real treat – if you have the opportunity to hear him speak in person, don’t miss the chance.
** The translation journal Babel
You might also be interested to listen to a recording of Professor Gémar speaking (in French) at the University of Montreal in their conférences midi series, entitled “Traduire le droit: de la traduction juridique à la jurilinguistique – Texte(s), culture(s) et équivalence”. Click to access the video.